Facts and Information on the Caucasian Shepherd Dog Breed

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a bold family pet that is strong, courageous, and highly devoted. They were raised in the rugged Caucasus Mountains to preserve cows and guard the house against dangerous predators. Caucasian Mountain Dogs, Russian Bear Dogs, Baskhan (Karachay) Pariy, Caucasian Ovcharka Dogs, and simply CO are a few variations and types that go by these names.

This giant breed is territorial and won’t back down from a conflict, even when faced with bears or wolves. Despite the intelligence of Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, training them might be difficult because of their independent nature. They may become hostile if a professional trainer doesn’t keep them in check because of their innate distrust of humans and other animals.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Profile

Breed Name Caucasian Shepherd Dog
Other NameCO, Caucasian Sheepdog, Caucasian Ovcharka, Armenian Khobun Dog,  Azerbaijani Shepherd Dog
Dog Breed TypeHerding Dogs 
OriginUnited States 
Parent BreedsMolosser dogs and Caucasian Mountain Dog
Height20 – 24 inches
Weight 50 – 90 pounds 
Life Expectancy10 – 14 years
Coat TypeShort and smooth 
Common Colorsred, gold / yellow, black
Grooming NeedsEasy to groom 
TemperamentWillful, aloof, protective
Apartment LivingNo
Pet FriendlyMedium 
Health ConcernsHip dysplasia, eye issues, deafness
Overall HealthGood
Intelligence LevelMedium
Energy LevelHigh 
Litter Size5 to 12 puppies

Breed Characteristics

Adaptability  2 stars

Adapts Well To Apartment Living : 1 star

Good For Novice Owners : 1 star

Sensitivity Level : 2 stars

Tolerates Being Alone : 2 stars

Tolerates Cold Weather : 3 stars

Tolerates Hot Weather : 3 stars

All Around Friendliness 3 stars

Affectionate With Family : 5 stars

Kid-Friendly : 3 stars

Dog Friendly : 1 stars

Friendly Toward Strangers :  1 star

Health And Grooming Needs   3 stars

Amount Of Shedding : 3 stars

Drooling Potential : 1 stars

Easy To Groom : 5 stars

General Health : 3 stars

Potential For Weight Gain : 3 stars

Size : 4 stars

Trainability 3 stars

Easy To Train : 2 star

Intelligence : 3 stars

Potential For Mouthiness : 3 stars

Prey Drive : 1 stars

Tendency To Bark Or Howl : 3 stars

Wanderlust Potential : 3 stars

Physical Needs  4 stars

Energy Level : 4 stars

Intensity : 3 stars

Exercise Needs : 5 stars

Potential for Playfulness : 2 stars

Vital Statistics


HEIGHT : 20 to 26 INCHES

WEIGHT :  50 to 90 POUNDS

LIFE SPAN : 10 to 14 YEARS


Due to the size of the Caucasus Mountain region and the complexity of the needs of the local shepherds, various breed varieties were evolved to satisfy those needs. Most kennel organizations consider Georgia’s Caucasian Shepherd Dogs to be the breed standard. Only one litter each year is produced by female Caucasian Shepherd Dogs. Although they are strong protectors of their domain, Caucasian shepherds Dogs are nevertheless very low-energy canines. One should keep up a healthy diet and frequent exercise to prevent weight gain, a real risk. This breed was used by the communist USSR to guard captive animals, and dogs were kept in army kennels to create new breeds for the armed forces. German families were given pets to live out the rest of their lives once the wall came down. One of the oldest Molosser breeds is the Caucasian Shepherd Dog. They are connected to Mesopotamia via archaeological ruins that have been discovered.


In the hilly Caucasus region of Europe and Asia, dogs that resemble the Caucasian shepherd have existed for ages. In the past, they were used to protect land and cattle from intruders and predators like wolves and bears.

These canines had different appearances depending on the particular region from where they came. The Mountain type, which has a bigger build and a longer coat, and the Steppe type are the last two types within the breed (lighter body and shorter coat).

In the early 1900s, Soviet breeders started selectively breeding these dogs. Strength, self-assurance, sharp hearing and vision, and a weather-resistant coat were some traits that aimed to generate in the offspring. The breed is still relatively uncommon, particularly in North America. It is a component of the Foundation Stock Service of the American Kennel Club, which maintains breeding records of purebred development.


The size of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is usually large than other dog breeds. The average weight of a male is 110 to 220 pounds, whereas the average weight of a female is 100 to 180 pounds. Typically, men are larger than females. Some dogs may weigh more or less than others, depending on their origin or breed. Mountain dogs are stronger than dogs that live on land. The shoulder height of a male is between 27 and 30 inches, whereas that of a female dog breed is between 25 and 28 inches. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is regarded as a huge dog breed.


Caucasian Shepherd Dogs can be highly stubborn, making teaching tough. They demand stern boundaries, patience, and consistency. Early socialization and training should begin as early as possible in a child’s life. Training in socializing must be done correctly. Proper socialization training must be implemented to overcome the breed’s fear of unfamiliar people and animals and prevent violence. These dogs are highly devoted and caring towards their families, which makes them one of the top choices among family dogs to consider. Also, they have the quality to stay like a bodyguard for their family members. 


The Caucasian shepherd breed is generally healthy. But, it is more likely to develop a few inherited medical disorders, including:

  • Heart issues
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Entropion (eyelids rolling too far inward) 


Despite their enormous size, they don’t need a lot of activity, and grooming them is rather easy but takes some time. Teeth should be thoroughly cleaned and brushed twice a week for Caucasian Shepherd Dogs. However, it is advised to follow your veterinarian’s advice. Check the ears for dirt or wax accumulation at least once a week, and clean them as necessary. If this is not done, ear infections could develop. It is advisable to trim nails as needed to prevent damage and breakage. You might also need to look for drool and clear it away as necessary to avoid covering your home.

Feeding and Diet

Caucasian dogs should eat calorie-dense food made for a big breed. To help you choose the right kind of food and portion amount for your specific dog, consult a professional nutritionist or your veterinarian. The ideal diet will alter as the dog ages, and it may even be modified to meet specific medical needs. Keep in mind that Caucasian Shepherd Dogs have a tendency to overeat and gain weight. Dogs should be given smaller, more frequent meals to prevent the onset of bloat, a potentially fatal condition.

Coat Color and Grooming

The coats of Caucasian Shepherd Dogs come in three lengths: long, medium, and short. The longer their hair, the more pronounced the mane and feathering around their tails and rear legs becomes. The coats are thick in all three lengths. They have two coats, with the undercoat being softer and more delicate than the longer one. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog can be solid white, grey, fawn, red, cream, or any of these hues.

Furthermore, large areas of two or more colors as well as brindled coats, are both feasible. They typically have white markings on their bodies and dark “masks” around their faces. Brush the coat of a Caucasian dog to remove any dead or stray hairs and prevent matting at least twice a week. Caucasian Shepherd Dog Every year, go through a large shed. This shedding process is enhanced by bathing and further brushing. It may be preferable to just bathe your dog when it is required or to rely on a professional trainer when you have a dog that is big in size.


Aim to give your dog at least an hour of activity every day through walks, playing fetch, running around in the yard, and other activities. Additionally, playing with puzzle toys might help you mentally exercise. Even if this breed doesn’t have a lot of energy, it still tends to have muscular endurance if you enjoy long walks or treks. Because of its protective attitude and tendency for hostility towards strangers and even other dogs, Caucasian shepherds should always be kept on leashes or in securely gated areas.

FAQ on the breed

Are Caucasian shepherds suitable as household pets?

These dogs are quite dedicated to their families. Caucasian shepherds with the proper training and socialization may be ideal for a household with older children.

Are Caucasian Shepherds hostile?

Caucasian shepherds are fiercely protective animals and can become aggressive if they sense a threat.

• Are there a few Caucasian shepherds?

Shepherds of the Caucasian race are a relatively uncommon breed, particularly in North America.

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